DELARANEWS

Traffic Coordinator

Dave Maynard, WA3EZN

A few words about nets and net etiquette. Etiquette does not simply mean knowing what fork to use at a formal dinner. It means knowing the "rules of the road" for any endeavor and knowing how to avoid embarrassing (or even offensive) missteps. Good operators are made, not born What is an Amateur Radio Net? An Amateur Radio Net exists whenever 3 or more operators are in simultaneous contact with each other for the purpose of exchanging information or passing informal or official traffic. Type of Nets Directed Formal Nets - A directed net is created whenever large number of stations are participating. Directed nets are preferable since the traffic can be coordinated and prioritized. In a directed net stations cannot "break into" or interrupt the net. They listen and wait to ask permission to pass traffic. Open informal nets - There is minimal central control by a Net Control Station. This net allows station to station contact. This is not a rag chew frequency but a chance to coordinate traffic that only relates to two stations. Net Missions Traffic Net - Handles formatted written messages between served agency locations or between other nets. Messages to or from outside the immediate area may be handled by a Section-level net, and depending on the distances involved, Regional Nets and Area Nets may be employed to get traffic out to functioning phone and internet locations. These nets may be voice, CW or digital as needed. Resource Net - This net is used for new operators to check in and await assignment, or asking for relief or reassignment. A resource net may also be used to locate needed equipment, or operators with specific skills. Several different resource nets may be utilized depending on the size of the event. Tactical Net - There may be one or many of these nets. These nets handle the primary on-site emergency communication between served agencies. There may be "sub nets" created to handle specific types of traffic during high volume emergency situations. Information Net - An information net might be used to make regular announcements, disseminate official bulletins or answer general questions. Health and Welfare Nets - These nets usually handle messages between concerned friends, families, and persons in the disaster area. Most H&W nets will be on HF bands, but local "feeder" UHF & VHF nets may be needed. Directed Formal Nets Information Net Control Station The most essential part of any directed net is the character and skill of the Net Control Operator. The Net Control Operator coordinates all net activity and shapes the efficiency(or inefficiency) of the net operation. The Net Control Operator is in charge of the net at all times. Net Control Operator activates the net. keeps track of stations check in and assigns duties and directs the net operation. Directed Net–Stations call only net control directly, go direct to other stations only with net control permission Net Conduct and Etiquette Listening is 50% of the conversation. Don’t get in a hurry – pause briefly before and after keying your microphone. Try as much as possible to tune out other distractions, the Net Control Operator may be trying to get in touch with you. Get permission from Net Control Operator before proceeding with your traffic or calling another station. Net Control Operator Phrases you may hear: Is there any emergency or priority traffic Do we have a liaison station All stations hold your traffic Stations wish to check in – you can give you call to check-in All stations standby or Voice Net Pro-words you should use: OVER –I have finished talking, your turn (good for simplex) ROGER –Message received & understood COPY THAT or I COPY –Use Roger instead STANDING BY –I am awaiting further transmissions OUT –This communication is concluded OFF the AIR – Self explanatory AFFIRMATIVE/NEGATIVE –Yes/No CLEAR –No agreed upon meaning (do not use) Message Handling Prowords you should use. WORD AFTER“Say again word after...” WORD BEFORE “Say again word before...” BETWEEN“Say again between...and...” ALL AFTER“Say again all after...” ALL BEFORE“Say again all before...” I SPELL FIGURES INITIAL(S)/LETTER GROUP MIXED GROUP SAY AGAIN Useful hints for relaying your traffic Try to think through what you’re going to say before you say it. Be brief –don’t ramble –get your point across. DON’T SHOUT! Use plain language – no Q-codes or 10-codes. Use military phonetics – not cutesy phonetics Pass messages no faster than you can write them yourself Pass messages in five word groups is good practice Give Call Signs in phonetics Use phonetics when spelling out words Net Conduct and Etiquette Inform the Net Control Operator if you are leaving the net and if you plan to return. Don’t criticize or argue with fellow operators or the net control on-air. Always use your FCC call sign to sign off after your traffic is passed and receipt acknowledged. Never use the phrase – Back to net on the net frequency - it is not needed Never say relay – say your call only and wait for the net control to call you Never correct or comment on a radiogram. Give your call and wait for the net control permission Emergency Traffic Never interrupt a current traffic exchange unless you have a life & death situation or emergency traffic. There are two ways to call net control if you have an emergency. Say “break, break, break and give your callsign or give your callsign and say emergency traffic. This method should only be used when there is an actual emergency. NTS Methods and Practices Guidelines - Questions?? I have tried to give a few pointers here. It is not possible to cover everything in this one article. If you have questions ask during a net after all traffic has been handled. You can also go to the ARRL guidelines at this link. http://www.arrl.org/table-of-contents-nts-methods-and-practicesguidelines OHIO HF SSB TRAFFIC NETS (All net frequencies plus or minus QRM) Morning session 10:30 AM 3972.5 KHz every day Afternoon session 4:15 PM 3972.5 KHz every day Evening session 6:45 PM 3972.5 KHz every day HF CW NETS NET TIMES FREQUENCY NET MANAGERS Buckeye Early 6:45 PM 3.580 WB8YLO Buckeye Late 10:00 PM 3.590 WB9LBI Ohio Slow Net 6:00 PM 3.53535 NEEDED VHF NETS NET TIMES FREQUENCY NET MANAGERS BRTN MON, WED, SAT 9:30 PM 145.230 PL 110.9 KD8GXL COTN 7:15 PM DAILY 146.970 KD8TTE MVTN 7:00 PM Mon 146.640 KC8HTP NWOHARES 6:30 PM DAILY 147.375 N8TNV TCTTN Sun, Tues, Wed, Fri 9 PM 146.94 WB8YYS TATN 8:00 PM DAILY 146.670 PL123 WG8Z
DELARANews

Traffic

Coordinator

Dave Maynard, WA3EZN

A few words about nets and net etiquette. Etiquette does not simply mean knowing what fork to use at a formal dinner. It means knowing the "rules of the road" for any endeavor and knowing how to avoid embarrassing (or even offensive) missteps. Good operators are made, not born What is an Amateur Radio Net? An Amateur Radio Net exists whenever 3 or more operators are in simultaneous contact with each other for the purpose of exchanging information or passing informal or official traffic. Type of Nets Directed Formal Nets - A directed net is created whenever large number of stations are participating. Directed nets are preferable since the traffic can be coordinated and prioritized. In a directed net stations cannot "break into" or interrupt the net. They listen and wait to ask permission to pass traffic. Open informal nets - There is minimal central control by a Net Control Station. This net allows station to station contact. This is not a rag chew frequency but a chance to coordinate traffic that only relates to two stations. Net Missions Traffic Net - Handles formatted written messages between served agency locations or between other nets. Messages to or from outside the immediate area may be handled by a Section-level net, and depending on the distances involved, Regional Nets and Area Nets may be employed to get traffic out to functioning phone and internet locations. These nets may be voice, CW or digital as needed. Resource Net - This net is used for new operators to check in and await assignment, or asking for relief or reassignment. A resource net may also be used to locate needed equipment, or operators with specific skills. Several different resource nets may be utilized depending on the size of the event. Tactical Net - There may be one or many of these nets. These nets handle the primary on-site emergency communication between served agencies. There may be "sub nets" created to handle specific types of traffic during high volume emergency situations. Information Net - An information net might be used to make regular announcements, disseminate official bulletins or answer general questions. Health and Welfare Nets - These nets usually handle messages between concerned friends, families, and persons in the disaster area. Most H&W nets will be on HF bands, but local "feeder" UHF & VHF nets may be needed. Directed Formal Nets Information Net Control Station The most essential part of any directed net is the character and skill of the Net Control Operator. The Net Control Operator coordinates all net activity and shapes the efficiency(or inefficiency) of the net operation. The Net Control Operator is in charge of the net at all times. Net Control Operator activates the net. keeps track of stations check in and assigns duties and directs the net operation. Directed Net–Stations call only net control directly, go direct to other stations only with net control permission Net Conduct and Etiquette Listening is 50% of the conversation. Don’t get in a hurry – pause briefly before and after keying your microphone. Try as much as possible to tune out other distractions, the Net Control Operator may be trying to get in touch with you. Get permission from Net Control Operator before proceeding with your traffic or calling another station. Net Control Operator Phrases you may hear: Is there any emergency or priority traffic Do we have a liaison station All stations hold your traffic Stations wish to check in – you can give you call to check-in All stations standby or Voice Net Pro-words you should use: OVER –I have finished talking, your turn (good for simplex) ROGER –Message received & understood COPY THAT or I COPY –Use Roger instead STANDING BY –I am awaiting further transmissions OUT –This communication is concluded OFF the AIR – Self explanatory AFFIRMATIVE/NEGATIVE –Yes/No CLEAR –No agreed upon meaning (do not use) Message Handling Prowords you should use. WORD AFTER“Say again word after...” WORD BEFORE “Say again word before...” BETWEEN“Say again between...and...” ALL AFTER“Say again all after...” ALL BEFORE“Say again all before...” I SPELL FIGURES INITIAL(S)/LETTER GROUP MIXED GROUP SAY AGAIN Useful hints for relaying your traffic Try to think through what you’re going to say before you say it. Be brief –don’t ramble –get your point across. DON’T SHOUT! Use plain language – no Q-codes or 10-codes. Use military phonetics – not cutesy phonetics Pass messages no faster than you can write them yourself Pass messages in five word groups is good practice Give Call Signs in phonetics Use phonetics when spelling out words Net Conduct and Etiquette Inform the Net Control Operator if you are leaving the net and if you plan to return. Don’t criticize or argue with fellow operators or the net control on-air. Always use your FCC call sign to sign off after your traffic is passed and receipt acknowledged. Never use the phrase – Back to net on the net frequency - it is not needed Never say relay – say your call only and wait for the net control to call you Never correct or comment on a radiogram. Give your call and wait for the net control permission Emergency Traffic Never interrupt a current traffic exchange unless you have a life & death situation or emergency traffic. There are two ways to call net control if you have an emergency. Say “break, break, break and give your callsign or give your callsign and say emergency traffic. This method should only be used when there is an actual emergency. NTS Methods and Practices Guidelines - Questions?? I have tried to give a few pointers here. It is not possible to cover everything in this one article. If you have questions ask during a net after all traffic has been handled. You can also go to the ARRL guidelines at this link. http://www.arrl.org/table-of-contents-nts-methods- and-practicesguidelines OHIO HF SSB TRAFFIC NETS (All net frequencies plus or minus QRM) Morning session 10:30 AM 3972.5 KHz every day Afternoon session 4:15 PM 3972.5 KHz every day Evening session 6:45 PM 3972.5 KHz every day HF CW NETS NET TIMES FREQUENCY NET MANAGERS Buckeye Early 6:45 PM 3.580 WB8YLO Buckeye Late 10:00 PM 3.590 WB9LBI Ohio Slow Net 6:00 PM 3.53535 NEEDED VHF NETS NET TIMES FREQUENCY NET MANAGERS BRTN MON, WED, SAT 9:30 PM 145.230 PL 110.9 KD8GXL COTN 7:15 PM DAILY 146.970 KD8TTE MVTN 7:00 PM Mon 146.640 KC8HTP NWOHARES 6:30 PM DAILY 147.375 N8TNV TCTTN Sun, Tues, Wed, Fri 9 PM 146.94 WB8YYS TATN 8:00 PM DAILY 146.670 PL123 WG8Z